Adventurers looking for “The Outback” will surely find it in the Kimberley, a region bordered by ocean and desert, with a landscape marked by ancient mountain passes, fertile rivers, and sprawling grasslands dotted with boab scrub. European settlers were attracted to the area’s expansive lands ideal for cattle and sheep farming, and its coastal waters rich with oysters. Broome’s pearling industry has evolved over the years, with enterprising settlers transitioning from harvesting mother of pearl to the shiny spheres themselves. The turquoise waters and golden sands of Cable Beach are a playground for sun-lovers by day, offering spectacular sunsets each evening. Roebuck Bay’s unique terrain features red earth and sandstone cliffs known for fossil footprints of dinosaurs.
Away from the coast, the Kimberley’s rugged terrain further shows the age of the land. Historians estimate that Kimberley was one of the first regions of the Australian continent to be settled, and the Aboriginal cultures descended from these original settlers still account for the majority of the population. The walls of Australia’s largest network of caves in Tunnel Creek National Park are decorated with countless Aboriginal rock paintings. More prehistoric rock art can be found in Mitchell River National Park, a remote destination famous for endemic flora and fauna and the impressive Mitchell Falls careening over four levels of sandstone. Purnululu National Park is home to the distinct sandstone towers and domes of the Bungle Bungle Range, an area inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its amazing illustration of erosion over hundreds of millions of years.